Appeals Policy

Owner: Governance & Policy Committee
Originally Board Approved: 2017
Last Revised: January 23, 2019
Last Reviewed: January 23, 2019


The purpose of this appeals policy is to enable disputes with members and participants to be dealt with fairly, expeditiously and affordably, within MODS, without recourse to external legal procedures.



These terms will have these meanings in this policy:

  1. ‘Days’: will mean total days, irrespective of weekends or holidays.
  2. ‘Member’: refers to all categories of members in the MODS, as well as to all individuals engaged in activities with or employed by MODS, including, but not limited to, athletes, coaches, officials, volunteers, directors, officers, team captains, medical and paramedical personnel, administrators and employees (including contract personnel)
  3. ‘Appellant’: refers to the Member appealing a decision.
  4. ‘Respondent’: refers to the body whose decision is being appealed.


2.2.1 Any Member of MODS who is affected by a decision of the Board of Directors, of any Committee of the Board of Directors, or of anybody or individual who has been delegated authority to make decisions on behalf of the Board of Directors, will have the right to appeal that decision, provided there are sufficient grounds for the appeal as set out in section 2.4 of this policy. Examples of decisions that may be appealed include but are not limited to those relating to eligibility, carding, harassment, team selection, discipline and entitlements and obligations under an athlete agreement or team agreement.

2.2.2 This policy will not apply to decisions relating to:

  1. Matters of employment;
  2. Infractions for doping offences, which are dealt with pursuant to the Canadian Policy;
  3. The rules of Ultimate, Disc Golf, and all other Disc Sports, which may not be disputed;
  4. Discipline matters arising during events organized by entities other than MODS,
  5. Any decisions made under sections 2.3.2 and 2.5.2 of this policy.


2.3.1 Members who wish to appeal a decision will have 21 days from the date on which they received notice of the decision, to submit in writing notice of their intention to appeal, including a summary of the evidence that supports their grounds, to the President of MODS (hereafter referred to as “the Official”).

2.3.2 Any party wishing to initiate an appeal beyond the 21-day period must provide a written request stating reasons for an exemption to the requirement of section 2.3.1. The decision to allow, or not allow an appeal outside the 21-day period will be at the sole discretion of the Official and may not be appealed.


Not every decision may be appealed. Decisions may only be appealed, and appeals may only be heard, on procedural grounds. Procedural grounds are strictly limited to the Respondent:

  1. Making a decision for which it did not have authority or jurisdiction;
  2. Failing to follow procedures as laid out in the bylaws or approved policies of MODS;
  3. Making a decision that was influenced by bias.


2.5.1 Within 5 days of receiving the notice and grounds of an appeal, the Official will determine whether there are appropriate grounds for the appeal to proceed as set out in section 2.4. In the absence of the Official, a designate will perform this function.

2.5.2 If the appeal is denied on the basis of insufficient grounds, the Appellant will be notified of this decision in writing, giving reasons. This decision is at the sole discretion of the Official, or designate, and may not be appealed.


If the Official, or designate, is satisfied that there are sufficient grounds for an appeal, within 14 days of having received the original notice of appeal the Official will establish an Appeals Panel (hereafter referred to as “the Panel") as follows:

  1. The Panel will be comprised of three individuals who will have no significant relationship with the affected parties, will have had no involvement with the decision being appealed, and will be free from any other actual or perceived bias or conflict.
  2. The Official may designate one of the Panel members to serve as chairperson of the Panel. In the event the Official does not designate a Chairperson, the members of the Panel will select from themselves a Chairperson.


2.7.1 The Panel may determine that the circumstances of the appeal warrant a preliminary conference. The matters that may be considered at a preliminary conference include:

  1. Format of the appeal (hearing by documentary evidence, oral hearing);
  2. Timelines for exchange of documents;
  3. Clarification of issues in dispute;
  4. Clarification of evidence to be presented to the Panel;
  5. Location of hearing, where the hearing is an oral hearing;
  6. Identification of witnesses; and
  7. Any other procedural matter that may assist in expediting the appeal proceedings.

2.7.2 The Panel may delegate to its Chairperson the authority to deal with these preliminary matters on behalf of the Panel.


2.8.1 Where the Panel has determined that the appeal will be held by way of oral hearing, the Panel will govern the hearing by such procedures as it deems appropriate, provided that:

  1. The hearing will be held within 21 days of the Panel's appointment.
  2. The Appellant and Respondent will be given 10 days written notice of the date and time.
  3. A quorum will be all three Panel members.
  4. If the decision of the Panel may affect another party to the extent that the other party would have recourse to an appeal in their own right under this policy, that party will become a party to the appeal in question and will be bound by its outcome.
  5. Any of the parties may be accompanied by a representative or advisor, including legal counsel.
  6. The Panel may direct that any other person may be included or participate in the appeal.

2.8.2 In order to keep costs to a reasonable level the Panel may conduct the appeal by means of a telephone conference.


Where the Panel has determined that the appeal will be held by way of documentary submissions, it will govern the appeal by such procedures as it deems appropriate provided that:

  1. All parties are given a reasonable opportunity to provide written submissions to the Panel, to review written submissions of the other parties, and to provide written rebuttal and argument.
  2. The applicable principles and timelines set out in section 2.8.1 are respected.


2.10.1 Within 14 days of concluding the appeal, the Panel will issue its written decision, with reasons. In making its decision, the Panel will have no greater authority than that of the original decision-maker.

The Panel may decide:

  1. To reject the appeal and confirm the decision being appealed; (or)
  2. To uphold the appeal and refer the matter back to the initial decision-maker for a new judgement;
  3. To vary the decision where it is found that an error occurred and such an error cannot be corrected by the original decision-maker for reasons which include, but are not limited to, lack of clear procedure, lack of time or lack of neutrality;
  4. To determine how costs of the appeal — excluding legal fees and legal disbursements of decision – will be allocated, if at all.

2.10.2 A copy of this decision will be provided to each of the parties and to the Official.

2.10.3 In extraordinary circumstances, the Panel may issue a verbal decision or a summary written decision, with reasons to follow, provided the written decision with reasons is rendered within the timelines specified in section 2.8.


If the circumstances of the dispute are such that this policy will not allow a timely appeal, or if the circumstances of the disputes are such the appeal cannot be concluded within the timelines dictated in this policy, the Panel may direct that these timelines be revised.


The appeal will take place in the location designated by the Official, unless the Panel decides the appeal is to be held by way of telephone conference, or unless, at the specific request of a party, a different location is mandated by the Panel as a preliminary matter.


The decision of the Panel will be final and binding on the parties and on all members of MODS, subject only to the provisions of MODS’ policies relating to Alternative Dispute Resolution.